Genuine Mahogany is the only true Mahogany as identified by its Latin name, Swietenia Macrophylla, although the long gone Cuban Mahogany, S. mahoganii, is certainly also a true member of the genus. Genuine Mahogany grows in tropical Central and South America, and is often called Honduran Mahogany whether actually from Honduras or not. For hundreds of years it was standard issue for various musical instruments, as well as massively over harvested for interior use and boat building. The Europeans developed an unmitigated desire for this wood in the 1700's as it rapidly became the hands down standard interior cabinet wood both in Europe and in this country. Some of the best wood ever to have existed on this planet or any other went up in smoke when the city of Atlanta burned to the ground during the Civil War, or is still sitting at the bottom of the South Pacific in the form of PT boats used during WW II and made famous by John F. Kennedy. In recent times the wood has fallen in very short supply, and has become quite pricey. Most mahogany on the market these days is African or Phillipene, though these are not true mahogany.
Latin: Swietenia Macrophylla
Location: Central and South America
Trees: 4-6ft diameter, up to 150ft tall
Trade Names: Honduran Mahogany, American Mahogany
Density: 34 lb/cubic ft